A pop-up now greets you on the vast majority of websites you visit. The “cookie banner” is an obtrusive stumbling block to your unified web browsing. It’s intended to gain your agreement, as required by internet privacy regulations, for websites to keep information about you between browsing sessions.
The cookie banner claims to give you the option of consenting to only the required cookies that keep your surfing functionality up to date, or accepting all cookies, including those that monitor your browsing history and sell it to targeted advertising companies. Cookie ads are frequently intended to mislead you into clicking “accept all” since those more cookies earn greater income for the websites we visit.
The dark web is a network of websites that can only be accessed using a specialised web browser. It’s used to keep online activity secret and anonymous, which may be useful in both legal and unlawful situations. While some people use it to get around government restrictions, it has also been used for extremely criminal activities.
The open web, often known as the surface web,
The “visible” surface layer is the open web, often known as the surface web. If we continue to think of the internet as an iceberg, the open web is the section that is above water. According to statistics, this collection of websites and data accounts for less than 5% of the overall internet.
This folder contains all regularly visited public-facing websites that can be viewed using standard browsers such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Firefox. Websites are generally identified by registration operators like as “.com” and “.org,” and may be found using major search engines.
The Information Commissioner of the United Kingdom has encouraged G7 countries to address the issue, citing how tired online users are agreeing to give more personal data than they would prefer. In reality, deceptive cookie banners are only one example of what’s known as “dark design,” which is the practise of developing user interfaces with the goal to confuse or trick the user.
Dark design has shown to be a highly successful method of persuading online visitors to give up their time, money, and personal information. As a result, “dark patterns,” or sets of techniques that designers know they may employ to influence online users, have emerged. They’re hard to notice, but they’re becoming more common on the websites and apps we use on a daily basis, resulting in goods that are deliberately manipulative, similar to the persistent, ever-present pop-ups we’re compelled to delete when we visit a new page.
The most apparent example of dark design is cookie banners.You’ll note that the “accept all” button is huge and brightly highlighted, catching your eye within a fraction of a second of landing on a page. Meanwhile, the drab, less visible “confirm selections” or “manage settings” buttons — which allow us to preserve our privacy – frighten us away with more time-consuming clicks.
You’ll be able to tell which one you prefer based on previous experience. Alternatively, you may play the Cookie Consent Speed-Run, an online game that demonstrates how difficult it is to click the correct button in the face of gloomy design.
Dark patterns are also commonly used on e-commerce websites.Let’s say you’ve identified a product you’d want to purchase at a reasonable price. You establish an account, choose your product specs, enter your delivery information, and go to the checkout page, only to realise that the total cost, including shipping, is far more than you anticipated. These “hidden charges” aren’t there by chance: the designer is expecting you’ll just click “order” rather than waste even more time repeating the procedure on another website.
Other dark design aspects are less evident. Advertisements are shown in front of you when you navigate, browse, or watch on free sites like Facebook and YouTube.The more you browse or watch in this “attention economy,” the more money the corporations make. So, even if you’d prefer dismiss the app and get on with your day, these platforms are designed to command and hold your attention. The finely constructed algorithm behind YouTube’s “Up Next” video recommendations, for example, can keep us viewing for hours if we let it.
Designing an app
Websites aren’t the only places where consumers are manipulated for commercial benefit. More than 95 percent of Android apps on the Google Play store are now available for free download and usage. Developing these apps is a costly endeavour that necessitates teams of designers, developers, artists, and testers.Designers, on the other hand, know that once we’re addicted to their “free” applications, they’ll recover their investment – and they do it with gloomy design.
My colleague and I discovered dozens of examples of gloomy design in a recent study of free app-based games popular with today’s teens. Users are compelled to view advertisements, which are usually disguised as part of the game. They’re encouraged to share things on social media, and when more of their friends happen to join the game, they’re encouraged to pay in-app purchases to extricate their character from their peers’.
For younger users, some of this psychological manipulation appears to be improper.The vulnerability of teenage females to peer pressure is exploited to persuade them to buy clothing for their in-game avatars. Some games openly depict and encourage bullying through indirect hostility between characters, while others deliberately promote unhealthy body imagery.
Age grading schemes, standards of practise, and guidelines that expressly forbids the use of dark design are all measures to safeguard young users against psychological manipulation. However, they rely on developers correctly comprehending and interpreting this guidelines, and in the case of the Google Play store, developers evaluate their own work, with consumers reporting any problems.According to my study, these steps are not yet fully effective.
The shedding of light
Dark design has the disadvantage of being harder to notice. Dark patterns, which are now part of every developer’s toolkit, spread quickly. When free applications and websites compete for our attention based on metrics like “time on page” and “user conversion rate,” it’s difficult for designers to say no.
While cookie ads are unpleasant and frequently deceptive, we must examine the wider consequences of an increasingly manipulative internet ecology. Dark design is used to sway our judgments about how we spend our time, money, personal data, and consent.However, a thorough understanding of how dark patterns operate and what they hope to achieve can aid us in detecting and overcoming their deception.
Source: yahoo News